Medically reviewed by Dr. James Ko

Common Types of Dental Surgeries: A Comprehensive Guide

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When it comes to oral health, dental surgeries play a vital role in maintaining and restoring the well-being of our teeth and gums. These procedures cover a wide spectrum of issues, ranging from routine extractions to complex surgeries.

Understanding the various types of dental surgeries is therefore crucial for making informed decisions about your oral health.

Importance of Understanding Different Types of Dental Surgeries

Before delving into the specifics of the types of dental surgery, it's essential to grasp the importance of having knowledge about these procedures.

Dental surgeries are not just about pain relief or cosmetic enhancements; they are fundamental to preserving oral health and preventing more severe issues down the road.

Tooth Extractions

Tooth removal procedures rank as one of the most frequently conducted dental interventions worldwide. They become a necessity for various reasons, such as dealing with severe decay, infections, overcrowding, or the emergence of impacted wisdom teeth.

It becomes imperative to comprehend the distinction between uncomplicated extractions, which encompass the straightforward removal of visible teeth, and surgical extractions, which tackle more intricate scenarios involving impacted teeth. The choice of procedure suited to your specific case rests in the hands of your dentist.

Dental Implant Surgery

The realm of dentistry has witnessed a remarkable leap with the advent of dental implant surgery, offering a long-term solution for addressing the absence of teeth. This surgical technique involves the insertion of titanium posts deep into the jawbone, serving as surrogate tooth roots. With time, these posts seamlessly meld with the bone, providing an enduring platform for the attachment of prosthetic teeth.

The allure of dental implants lies in their ability to enhance speech, elevate chewing functionality, and bestow a heightened aesthetic appeal, rendering them the preferred choice for those contemplating tooth replacement.

Gum Surgery (Periodontal Surgery)

Periodontal surgeries emerge as indispensable when grappling with gum disease, a condition that, if left unchecked, can pave the path to tooth loss.

Procedures such as gum grafts encompass the transplantation of tissue from one oral locale onto receding gum lines, thwarting the advance of gum recession. Simultaneously, pocket reduction surgeries are geared toward eliminating bacterial buildup while reducing the depth of periodontal pockets.

Appreciating when and why gum surgery is recommended stands pivotal in the preservation of gum health and thwarting the progression of gum maladies.

Wisdom Teeth Removal

Wisdom teeth, also known as the third molars, often precipitate complications due to their tardy eruption and the cramped confines of the oral cavity. Issues commonly encompass impaction, overcrowding, and infections. The remedy often lies in wisdom teeth removal, a surgical maneuver designed to assuage these dilemmas.

The surgical process encompasses the extraction of one or more wisdom teeth, and a comprehensive understanding of this procedure can go a long way in mollifying concerns surrounding this commonplace dental operation.

Root Canal Surgery

Root canal surgery, an endodontic therapy, emerges as the recourse when tasked with the salvation of a grievously infected or mutilated tooth.

Contrary to prevalent misconceptions, this procedure unfurls with relatively negligible discomfort, with the overarching objective of alleviating the excruciating agony associated with tooth infections.

Recognizing the cardinal significance of conserving a natural tooth whenever conceivable empowers patients to make judicious choices regarding root canal surgery.

Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgery charts an exclusive course as it sets out to rectify irregularities in jaw alignment, impacting both the visual and utilitarian facets. This surgical intervention holds the potential to refine facial symmetry, mitigate speech impediments, facilitate the process of chewing, and augment respiratory functions. Furthermore, it wields the capacity to infuse a substantial boost into an individual's self-esteem.

An appreciation of the prospective benefits underpinning orthognathic surgery facilitates those grappling with profound jaw issues in their pursuit of suitable remedies.

Dental Crown Lengthening

Dental crown lengthening, operating in the realm of surgical procedures, orchestrates the unveiling of a greater expanse of the tooth's structure by a meticulous reconfiguration of the gum line. This surgical maneuver unveils its utility across the aesthetic and functional spectrums.

From transforming a gummy smile to providing a dependable foundation for reparative dental work, it empowers individuals with discernment regarding the intention and dividends stemming from crown lengthening procedures, aiding them in well-informed choices pertaining to their oral health.

Maxillofacial Surgery

What is maxillofacial surgery? Maxillofacial surgery, donning the mantle of a distinct domain within oral surgery, grapples with intricate quandaries enveloping the mouth, visage, and jaw. Its dominion spans the spectrum, encompassing the management of exigencies like jaw fractures, facial trauma, and inborn deformities.

Apprehending the salient role played by maxillofacial surgery in the resolution of these multifaceted oral and facial predicaments becomes pivotal for individuals who may find themselves in need of such specialized care.

Orthodontic Surgery

Orthodontic surgery emerges as a symbiotic component to orthodontic treatment, delving into the domain of substantial anomalies that elude correction through braces alone. Surgical interventions, such as orthognathic surgery, find application in rectifying profound malformations in jaw alignment and occlusion.

Grasping the pivotal role enacted by tooth surgery in augmenting the outcomes of orthodontic treatment empowers individuals to realize their aspirations in pursuit of both desired results and enduring oral health.

Dental Surgery at Markham Smile Centre

Markham Smile Centre is a leading dental practice that offers a wide range of dental surgeries, ensuring patients receive top-notch care. Our experienced team of professional dental surgeons uses advanced techniques and state-of-the-art technology to provide optimal outcomes for each patient's unique needs.

Whether you require a routine extraction, complex maxillofacial surgery, or any other dental procedure, Markham Smile Centre is dedicated to delivering exceptional results and ensuring your oral health is in good hands.

All in all, understanding the various types of surgery available is crucial for making informed decisions about your oral health. Each procedure serves a specific purpose, from relieving pain and preventing tooth loss to enhancing aesthetics and functionality.

By gaining insight into the common types of dental extractions treatment and teeth correction surgery, you can collaborate effectively with your dentist to ensure the best possible outcomes for your oral well-being. Reach out to our team at Markham Smile Centre today - remember, your oral health is a vital component of your overall health, and being well-informed is the first step toward maintaining a healthy smile.

Andrea Galick

Andrea Galick is an accomplished Dental Hygienist (RDH) with a passion for helping patients achieve optimal oral health. Andrea has built a reputation as a caring and skilled practitioner who puts her patients at ease and provides individualized care that meets their unique needs.

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It's been a while since I've been to a dentist but I'm trying to get back on track with health in general. Overall it was great going to Markham Smile Centre! The receptionist (I believe she was Kim) was friendly. The hygienist, Ying, was attentive and gentle during the cleaning; x-ray tech (forgot her name, sorry!) was great too. Dr. Sara Riad explained things with good detail. Looking forward to going back!


I was someone who was nervous and anxious about visiting the dentist, but the team at Markham Smile Centre has made me feel SO comfortable. Kim is so patient and helpful and Dr. Hwang and Rory are both so professional and wonderful. They thoroughly explain the procedure to make you comfortable beforehand and are very gentle. I now look forward to visiting the dentist!


I found this place on a whim when I was looking for a new dentist in Markham. My hygienist ying was super nice and her cleaning was very gentle yet thorough. I saw Dr.Jason and he was very nice and informative in regards to what needs to be done and provided me with all the information I needed to make a choice. Would recommend this place to anyone looking for a new dentist, they’re accepting new patients!!


I have been to many dentists in my life, Dr. Jason is easily the best dentist I have ever been too. He does everything he can to make you comfortable no matter the procedure and is a true professional, as does all the staff at Markham Smile Centre. Truly an amazing dentistry


The clinic was clean and the staff was very polite. I particularly liked the fact that everything was explained to me before going in for the procedure so I knew what to expect at each step. The dental hygienist who did the cleaning for me was also very gentle and took my concerns into consideration. I will definitely recommend them.


Upon arriving to the Markham Smile Centre, my son and I were greeted with a warm welcome by the receptionists. The hygienists and Dentist were very gentle and transparent with what they were doing. The hygienist that worked on my 9 year old son was patient and very friendly with him, which helped ease his nerves. Our overall experience was A+.


Since I was little, I have always hated going to the dentist... Its always uncomfortable and unpleasant. These days, visiting the dentist isn’t so bad! Dr Jason, Rory, and the lovely staff at reception make the experience 100x better. I have had absolutely no issues with the gum graft and cleanings that I’ve gotten done here. Everyone is incredibly friendly and helpful, even when I’m calling in or emailing a hundred questions :). I would highly recommend Markham Smile Centre.


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